While weeding out some papers I found some pages about double-entry journals. This format uses two columns (or opposing pages). One side is for paraphrases, quotes, or summaries from a source. The other is for responses to those notes (Ballenger, 2007, pp. 140-148). In other words it sets up a conversation between the researcher and the sources.
The double-entry journal is not right for every situation. Ballenger (2007) rightly notes how it doesn’t help the user organize information (p. 148). When we want to foreground the research conversation, though, this technique makes the conversation more explicit.
Ballenger, B. (2007). The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers (5th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson/Longman.